“Millions of people around the world know what Auschwitz was, but it still remains a matter of fundamental importance in people’s consciousness and memory that it depends only on their decisions whether such a tragedy will happen again. Only people could have caused it, and only people can prevent it. "
Prof. Władysław Bartoszewski
Former Polish Minister of Foreign Affairs, former Auschwitz Prisoner
In the years 1941-1945 Auschwitz Birkenau was the largest German concentration camp, located in the suburbs of Oświęcim due to the location of several railway routes. The camp consisted of three distinct parts: Auschwitz I - the administrative centre, Auschwitz II (Brzezinka) - extermination camp, and Auschwitz III - labour camp. It is estimated that during the period of four years of functioning of the camp more than one million one hundred thousand people were killed (the vast majority was the Jewish population transported from European countries that were under German occupation). The prisoners lived in dire conditions, were subjected to medical experiments and brutal punishments, and put to death in gas chambers.
9 persons and more
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